Face value also known as par value is the fixed unit of a share . Companies have face value of a stock in its books and share certificate .Mostly the FV of a company is always lower than its market price however in case of penny stocks it can get lower . Penny stocks are those which trading at a price lower than Rs.10 . When a company decides to give dividends or split their shares Face value comes in perspective . FV doesn’t get impacted by market price whether it goes up or down . It is not of much importance for traders or investors as it is companies internal policy to decide the number .